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SUI (581 – 618AD)


After three hundred years of disunion the Sui Dynasty reunited northern and southern China, and traditions that had developed their own shapes and appearance, found together. Southern and northern traditions and styles of philosophy, literature, language, music, arts, and so on, started to merge and united two hitherto separated traditions to one new. : The south revered and copied the style of Wang Xizhi and his son Wang Xianzhi that was held in a cursive type, while the north followed the tradition of the more regular and strict chancery script of the Han periods. The southern style became widespread throughout the empire during Sui through the calligraphers Wang Bao and Zhao Wenyuan

There are preserved some wonderful pottery figurines of warriors from the Sui period that still show the influence of the Northern Dynasties period, but the Sui figurines are much more detailed and lively than its forerunners. Pottery vessels from the Sui period are covered with translucent or light green glazing like during the time of division, and not yet with the three colored glazing à la mode during the Tang period. The shape of the vessels is also still dependent on the tradition of the north - attached eyes for hanging up the vessels - and the south - attached dragon-shaped handles and decorations. In the Maijishan Grottoes in Gansu province, some of the stone steles of Bodhisattvas were made during the Sui period. The most important Sui period Pusa statue is a standing more than 2 m tall Guanyin Pusa preserved in the Boston Museum of Art and discovered in Xi'an, the old capital Chang'an.