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CHRONOLOGY OF CHINSES DYNASTIES & KINGDOMS

DYNASTIES/KINGDOMS
PERIODS
  CAPITAL
Neolithic
8,000 – 2100
BC Yuncheng of Shanxi
Xia Dynasty
2100 – 1600
BC Yuncheng of Shanxi
Shang Dynasty
1600 – 1046
BC Erlitou, Zhengzhou & Anyang in Henan
Zhou Dynasty
   
            Western Zhou
1066 – 771
BC Xian
            Eastern Zhou
771 – 256
BC Luoyang
            Spring & Autumn
770 – 476
BC  
            Warring States
476 – 221
BC  
Qin Dynasty
221 – 206
BC Xianyang
Han Dynasty
   
            Western Han
206 – 9
AD Xian
            Xin Dynasty
9 – 25
AD Xian
            Eastern Han
25 – 220
AD Luoyang
Three Kingdoms
   
            Wei
220 – 265
AD Xuchang
            Shu Han
221 – 263
AD Chengdu
            Wu
222 – 280
AD Nanjing
Western Jin
265 – 316
AD Luoyang
Eastern Jin
317 – 420
AD Nanjing
Sixteen Kingdoms
304 – 439
AD  
Southern & Northern Dynasty
   
            Southern Dynasty
  Nanjing
                        Song
420 – 479
AD  
                        Qi
479 – 502
AD  
                        Liang
502 – 557
AD  
                        Chen
557 – 589
AD  
            Northern Dynasty
   
                        Northern Wei
386 – 534
AD Datong
                        Eastern Wei
534 – 550
AD Linzhang of Hebei
                        Northern Qi
550 – 577
AD Linzhang
                        Western Wei
535 – 556
AD Xian
                        Northern Zhou
557 – 581
AD Xian
Sui Dynasty
581 – 618
AD Xian
Tang Dynasty
618 – 907
AD Xian
Five Dynasties
   
            Later Liang
907 – 923
AD Kaifeng
            Later Tang
923 – 936
AD Luoyang
            Later Jin
936 – 946
AD Kaifeng
            Later Han
947 – 950
AD Kaifeng
            Later Zhou
951 – 960
AD Kaifeng
Song Dynasty
   
            Northern Song
960 – 1127
AD Kaifeng
            Southern Song
1127 – 1279
AD Hangzhou
Liao Dynasty
907 – 1125
AD  
Western Xia Dynasty
1032 – 1227
AD  
Jin Dynasty
1115 – 1234
AD Beijing
Yuan Dynasty
1279 – 1368
AD Beijing
Ming Dynasty
1368 – 1644
AD Nanjing, Beijing
Qing Dynasty
1644 – 1911
AD Shenyang, Beijing
Republic of China
1912 – 1949
AD Beijing, Nanjing
People’s Republic of China
1949 – present
AD Beijing

 

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